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After being stripped and raped by one or more men, she was bayoneted in the chest, and then had a bottle thrust into her vagina.  Laws were passed segregating the different races, in theory keeping Turkic Muslims apart from Hui and Han, however, the law was not followed. Genetic affinity between Ningxia Hui and eastern Asian populations revealed by a set of InDel loci, Allele frequencies and forensic parameters for 30 InDel loci in Chinese Hui ethnic group in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (, Muslim Chinese: ethnic nationalism in the People's Republic, by Dru Gladney, Analysis of genomic admixture in Uyghur and its implication in mapping strategy, Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of Chinese Muslim populations Dongxiang and Hui, HLA class I polymorphism in Mongolian and Hui ethnic groups from Northern China, Male demography in East Asia: a north-south contrast in human population expansion times, Genetic polymorphisms of 15 STR in Chinese Salar ethnic minority group, Genetic analysis of Y-chromosomes in five ethnic groups from Northwest China, Genetic diversity and haplotype structure of 24 Y-chromosomal STR in Chinese Hui ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations, Analysis of 17 Y-STR loci haplotype and Y-chromosome haplogroup distribution in five Chinese ethnic groups, A genome-based study of the Muslim Hui community and the Han population of Liaoning Province, PR China, An initial map of insertion and deletion (INDEL) variation in the human genome, Mutation patterns at dinucleotide microsatellite loci in humans, First application of the Investigator DIPplex indels typing kit for the analysis of ancient DNA samples, Application of indels (investigator DIPplex) in mixture samples, Population genetic data of 30 autosomal indels in Central Spain and the Basque Country populations, Population data for 30 insertion-deletion markers in a Korean population, Genetic polymorphism analyses of 30 InDels in Chinese Xibe ethnic group and its population genetic differentiations with other groups, A 30-InDel assay for genetic variation and population structure analysis of Chinese Tujia group, Genetic polymorphisms of 30 Indel loci in Guangdong Han population, Population genetics of 30 insertion-deletion polymorphisms in two Chinese populations using Qiagen Investigator® DIPplex kit, A validation study of a multiplex INDEL assay for forensic use in four Chinese populations, Forensic evaluation and population genetic study of 30 insertion/deletion polymorphisms in a Chinese Yi group, Population genetics of insertion-deletion polymorphisms in South Koreans using Investigator DIPplex kit, Typing of 30 insertion/deletions in Danes using the first commercial indel kit--Mentype® DIPplex, Allelic frequencies and statistical data from 30 INDEL loci in Uruguayan population, Genome deletion and insertion polymorphisms (DIPs) in the Hungarian population, Forensic parameters of the Investigator DIPplex kit (Qiagen) in six Mexican populations, Arlequin (version 3.0): an integrated software package for population genetics data analysis, Principal components analysis corrects for stratification in genome-wide association studies, Fast model-based estimation of ancestry in unrelated individuals, A measure of population subdivision based on microsatellite allele frequencies, Genetic profile characterization and population study of 21 autosomal STR in Chinese Kazak ethnic minority group, Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans, Long-term genetic stability and a high-altitude East Asian origin for the peoples of the high valleys of the Himalayan arc, Population genetics of 30 INDELs in populations of Poland and Taiwan, A set of autosomal multiple InDel markers for forensic application and population genetic analysis in the Chinese Xinjiang Hui group, Estimating and interpreting FST: the impact of rare variants, Autosomal InDel polymorphisms for population genetic structure and differentiation analysis of Chinese Kazak ethnic group, Diverse genetic origin of Indian Muslims: evidence from autosomal STR loci, http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/pcsj/rkpc/6rp/indexce.htm, http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4777214, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material.
, Persians, Arabs, Central Asian Muslims and Uyghur Buddhists in the Mongol Yuan dynasty and Mongol empire's armies were sent by the Mongols to fill administrative and military posts in Goryeo era Korea giving the first proof of Islam in Korea. Another policy was one of deliberate humiliation.
During the Qing Dynasty, Hui troops in the Imperial army helped crush Hui rebels during the Dungan revolt and Panthay Rebellion. The study was conducted in accordance with the human and ethical research principles of Gansu Institute of Political Science and Law. The term ‘Hui’ was derived from Mandarin word ‘Huihui’ which referred to Central Asians, Persians and Arabs residing in China in the age of the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).
Int Congr Ser 1288, 421–423 (2006). Forensic Sci Int Genet 3, e117–118 (2009). > The Hui Muslim Ma Guanggui became the leader of the Hui Panglong self defense guard created by Su who was sent by the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China to fight against the Japanese invasion of Panglong in 1942.
Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of Chinese Muslim populations Dongxiang and Hui. Figure 5.
We collected bloodstain samples of 129 unrelated healthy Hui individuals in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China according to their identity cards. Allele frequencies and forensic parameters for 30 InDel loci in Chinese Hui ethnic group in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (n = 129). Population genetics of 26 Y-STR loci for the Han ethnic in Hunan province, China. R Soc Open Sci. Genetic polymorphisms of 15 STR loci in Chinese Hui population.  Data was collected in different Beijing districts.
PubMed Central Article
 Ethnic Turkic Salar Muslims made up the majority of the first cavalry division which was sent by Ma Bufang.
Article This study was approved by the ethics committee of Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center and conducted in accordance with the human and ethical research principles of Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, China.  Many of the Hui within these camps have faced torture, are allegedly grouped in different cells from Kazakhs and Uighurs, and on rare occasion die from stress.  Some Uyghurs in Kashgar remember that the Hui army at the 1934 Battle of Kashgar massacred 2,000 to 8,000 Uyghurs, which causes tension as more Hui moved into Kashgar from other parts of China.
(2020), Annals of Human Biology  The use of Hui to denote all foreigners - be they Muslims, Nestorian Christians, or Jews,- reflects bureaucratic terminology developed over the Yuan and Ming dynasties. Zhongyuan 中原, literally means "The Central Plain," and is the historical name of Shaanxi and Henan provinces.  A small Muslim minority among Yunnan's Bai people are classified as Hui as well (even if they are Bai speakers), as are some groups of Tibetan Muslims.
Dongxiang showed nonsignificant pairwise Fst difference from Hui in Linxia and Ningxia, Han Chinese in Linxia, Shaanxi, Shanghai, and Guangdong, and Tibetan in Lhasa (p > 0.005). Many Muslim Salar joined the army in the Republic era; they and Dongxiang who have joined the army are described as being given "eating rations" meaning military service..
Even if taking into account the large confidence intervals, we still could find that Hui was much closer to East Asian groups than Uigur or Kazak (figure 5 and electronic supplementary material, table S3), which also indicated that the genetic contribution of western Eurasians to Hui was relatively weak. Secondly, some studies with 15 or more Y-STRs revealed the close relationships between Hui and multiple ethnic groups in different districts [9–12].  Since then, the government has repressed aspects of Hui culture deemed "Arab". |
They trace their descent through him via the Quanzhou Ding family of Fujian. B. Marian, C. et al. Since circumcision in China does not have the weight of pre-existing traditions as it does elsewhere in the Muslim world, circumcision rates among Hui are much lower than among other Muslim communities (where the procedure is nearly universal)..
Hui people; Y chromosome; gene flow; population admixture. Table 1. He then converted to Islam. the "Gansu Moslems" or generic "Chinese Moslems". Yan, J. et al.
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