soviet famine of 1946–47

Secondly, 1946 was a year of severe drought especially in Moldavia, most of Ukraine, and parts of the central black-earth and lower Volga regions. Among these, of course, was the Great Patriotic War. The situation spanned most of the grain-producing regions of the country: Ukraine, Moldavia and parts of central Russia. At the same time according to "Moldova Socialistă" newsletter from 28 January 1947, the Moldavian SSR surpassed planned productions of butter (by 33.2%), sunflower oil (by 39.5%), meat products (by 32.5%), canned food (by 101.9%). [5] During the crisis, the USSR continued to export grain,[1] with the majority of it going to East Germany and Poland to consolidate the new Eastern Bloc.[6]. [2][3], Economist Michael Ellman claims that the hands of the state could have fed all those who died of starvation.

[1][1] Ellman claims that the famine resulted in an estimated 1 to 1.5 million lives in addition to secondary population losses due to reduced fertility. With the war, there was a significant decrease in the number of able-bodied men in the rural population, retreating to 1931 levels. Prompted by the drought and famine of 1946-47, the so-called "Great Plan for the Transformation of Nature" was put forth which consisted in a number of ambitious projects in land improvement. Secondly, 1946 was a year of severe drought especially in Moldavia, most of Ukraine, and parts of the central black-earth and lower Volga regions. 246 с. Partly as a result of this famine, unlike many countries in Europe and North America, the Soviet Union did not experience a post-war baby boom. This page was last modified on 24 October 2015, at 10:16. [1] However, Russian historians reject such claims. Drawing on archival materials declassified since the fall of communism, Nicholas Ganson situates the famine of 1946-47 at the crossroads of Soviet social and political history, World War II, the Cold War, ideology, and famine in the modern world. Information about the famine in 1946-47 was similarly concealed by the Soviet government as was the famine in 1932-33. The grain harvest was only 39.6 million tons as compared to 47.3 million in 1945 and 95.5 million in 1940, the last full year before the war. 1, dosar 129). The last major famine to hit the USSR began in July 1946, reached its peak in February–August 1947 and then quickly diminished in intensity, although there were still some famine deaths in 1948. Drawing on archival materials declassified since the fall of communism, Nicholas Ganson situates the famine of 1946-47 at the crossroads of Soviet social and political history, World War II, the Cold War, ideology, and famine in the modern world.

іл «Реабілітовані історією» при Запоріжській облдержадміністрації. Of the three major famines that occurred in the Soviet Union (1921-1922, 1932-1933, 1946-1947) we know the least about the last. The grain harvest in 1946 totaled 39.6 million tons - 2.4 times lower than in 1940. The last major famine to hit the USSR began in July 1946, reached its peak in February–August 1947 and then quickly diminished in intensity, although there were still some famine deaths in 1948. Between 1946 and 1947, there were over 300,000 recorded deaths linked to starvation (source: Arhiva Națională a RM, Fond.3085, inv. This and multiple accounts[clarification needed] of survivors[who?] [4], Robert Service argues that Stalin thought in the first instance that any reports of rural hardship were the result of peasants tricking urban authorities into indulging them. In 1946-1947 famine struck another blow in Ukraine. This book illuminates a little-known but tremendously significant twentieth-century crisis in the Soviet Union. Hanson, P. 2003: The rise and fall of the Soviet economy: An economic history of the USSR from 1945. This is partly due to the greater effectiveness of the Soviet government in controlling information after the Second World War, and partly a consequence of historians’ preoccupations with earlier periods of Soviet history. This was not only because of casualties, but because many peasant soldiers chose not to return to, or stay on, the farms.

A decree of September 19, 1946 “On Measures to Liquidate Breaches of the [Kolkhoz] Statute” required the return of all kolkhoz lands that had been used for private (that is, family) purposes.

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